Today, in cosmetology, a wide variety of equipment is used to eliminate skin problems, using many types of effects on tissues, and one of the types of cosmetology equipment that enjoys well-deserved popularity is gas CO2 (carbon dioxide, carbon) lasers.
The structure of the CO2 laser, its capabilities and applications
This is one of the earliest types of high-energy lasers, which has been productively used by doctors and cosmetologists for more than 40 years. To generate the beam, an active medium based on gaseous carbon dioxide in combination with other gases is used. The devices operate in the infrared wavelength range and emit high-intensity vibrations, which makes them an excellent tool for surgical operations and cosmetic procedures. When exposed to the surface of the body, a rapid, "explosive", heating of the intracellular fluid occurs, as a result of which destruction and evaporation (ablation) of cells occurs. As a result of ablation, the irradiated cells are completely destroyed, and around the treatment zone, death is observed only in a layer up to 30-40 microns. Vessels up to 1 mm in diameter are also "sealed".
CO2 lasers are divided into two types:
Continuous - generating a beam constant in time and intensity, and used mainly for the conduct of surgical operations. The main purpose of continuous radiation generators is to perform surgical incisions and tissue excision. The operation of devices of this type is accompanied by strong heating of the surrounding layers, which makes it very difficult to accurately determine the depth of penetration of the beam.
Pulse - devices that generate short pulses of high intensity. This type of generator makes it possible to dose the degree of exposure much more accurately and allows you to process small areas. The pulsed nature of the radiation avoids damage to surrounding tissues, which reduces the healing period. During manipulations, pulses with a frequency of up to 5 Hz are used - for grinding the surface or more than 5 Hz for making cuts.
In cosmetology, pulsed CO2 lasers are widely used, which are capable of treating the dermis to a depth of no more than 70 microns during resurfacing in one pass at a low pulse frequency and strictly dosed radiation energy. This mode provides selective destruction of cells without damaging the surrounding areas.
Carbon dioxide lasers are widely used for skin resurfacing and provide the following manipulations:
- removal of acne manifestations and its consequences;
- elimination of traumatic, surgical and other types of scars from the surface of the skin;
- elimination of stretch marks of the dermis (striae);
- complete grinding of small and reducing the visibility of deep age or facial wrinkles;
- removal of warts, nevi, papillomas, follicular cysts, tattoos, age spots;
- improving the structure of tissues;
- dermabrasion with rejuvenation of the dermis.
In addition to the resurfacing and dermabrasion procedures, modern models have enhanced functionality and can perform lifting, normalization of moisture, revitalization, restoration of facial contours and other manipulations.
At the same time, it should be noted that when using a carbon laser for skin resurfacing, it is necessary to anesthetize the treated area, and a rehabilitation period of up to 1-1.5 months will be required to fully restore the treated areas of the body.
Thus, the use of a carbon dioxide laser can save a person from many very unpleasant cosmetic problems with minimal inconvenience and restrictions in the treatment process.
On the website of the company in the section CO2 lasers you can choose for your salon and purchase the devices that best meet your requirements, which will help expand the list of services provided to customers or become a worthy replacement for worn out, obsolete equipment.